Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) follows strict publication ethics and malpractice policy and is committed to protecting the integrity of the scholarly record and feels its duty to help and support the scientific community in all aspects of research and publishing ethics.

Ethical responsibilities of authors are set out in the below:

  • The authors are expected to adhere to the highest standard with respect to publication ethics and must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted ethics committee of the institution and all necessary consents and approvals are obtained to publish their work.
  • At the time of submission where the manuscript reports on commercial software, hardware or other products, authors must include a disclosure statement in the body of the manuscript and declare any conflict of interest or involvement in any organization whether it is academic, commercial, financial and professionally relevant to the work under consideration to avoid the potential for bias and accept responsibility for what is said in the manuscript and also disclosed all sources of financial support for the research.
  • The authors should declare that all text, data, figures/tables or other illustrations presented in the manuscript are completely original and do not contain or include material taken from other copyrighted sources and also affirm that the work does not violate any proprietary or personal rights of others.
  • Authors must state that the article submitted has neither been previously published nor submitted elsewhere in any form or for simultaneous consideration in any other journal and also must not reuse their previously published work without making substantial changes and without specific address; this is considered self-plagiarism.
  • Authors must state that they have substantially participated in the research and in preparation of the manuscript and that it represents original work adequate to claim the authorship and should agree that no author can publish anywhere else unless it has been changed substantially.
  • Where an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in an article of his/her that has been published in the UniversePG journal, he/she has an obligation to promptly notify the editors and cooperate with them to correct the article or retract it as appropriate for publication.

Ethics of Human and Animal Experimentation

The authors should ensure that studies involving experiments on humans must have an institutional review board and/or national research ethics committee approval. Manuscripts should include a statement that the informed consent was obtained for the experimentation with human subjects and that it conforms to standards currently applied in the country of origin. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

Authors also ensure that studies involving experiments on animals must include a statement in the manuscript indicating that the international, national or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed and that the study has been approved by a research ethics committee. Procedures should be such that experimental animals do not have to suffer unnecessarily and articles should include details of the procedures and of anesthetics used during research.