Copyright and Licensing Policy

Copyright on an open-access article published in Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) is retained by the authors. Authors grant UniversePG a license to publish the manuscript and identify itself as the original publisher. The authors also, grant any of the third parties the right to utilize the manuscript freely as long as its integrity is regulated and its real authors, citation details, and journal are also identified.

UniversePG publishes open-access articles in all areas under a Creative CommonsAttribution 4.0 International License  (CC BY). This license authorizes the user to freely share (copy, save, distribute and transmit) and adapt the contribution of researchers including for commercial issues, as long as the author is appropriately attributed to the work.

UniversePG allows its authors to retain publishing rights without any restrictions and regulations.