Article Correction, Retraction and Withdrawal Policy

Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) believes in protecting and maintaining the integrity of the academic record. Articles officially published in UniversePG are considered as the Version of Record. Very rarely, when the scientific information in an article is substantially undermined then it becomes necessary for UniversePG to publish major or minor corrections to, or retractions of articles published in its journal, at the discretion of the editorial body.

The authors are encouraged to report errors in their articles with regard to the accuracy of published information. Only the errors that impact the article significantly will be considered. Corrections are made at the journal’s reviewer's discretion. The correction procedure will depend on the publication stage of the article.

Articles may be retracted because of scientific misconduct in cases such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of the authorship, plagiarism or fraudulent use of data. A signed statement from the concerned authors will be required to be submitted before a manuscript can be retracted. Agreement of all the authors of a paper is required before a retraction can be published. A notice of retraction will be published and linked to the main article clearly marked as a retracted. The notice will also include the reason for the retraction and who is retracting the article. The original article will not be removed from online versions of the journal but will be identified as a retracted article from UniversePG.

Articles can be withdrawn either by the author's request or the publisher. Article withdrawal by the authors may be permitted only for the most compelling and unavoidable reasons, after submitting a letter signed by all authors of the article to the editorial office stating the reason for article withdrawal. Authors must not assume that their article has been withdrawn until they have received appropriate notification to this effect from the editorial office. If an article is found to violate the ethical publishing guidelines of the UniversePG such as duplicate publication, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, multiple submission of authorship, the publisher has all the right to withdraw that all areas of the article.